Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research

Published Studies Using CFIR

Complete Bibliography

As of October 2014, over 300 papers have cited the CFIR since it was published in 2009; in the last 12 months, there have been an average of four new articles published per week. There is variation in use of the CFIR since many researchers have altered the taxonomy for their own unique context and interests, making it a dynamic body of literature for individuals interested in implementation and evaluation. Using Zotero, we have created a library of citations of the CFIR and categorized them according to type of research and use. If you are not able to access Zotero, click here for a list of citations organized by type of research. zotero logo


Studies Using the CFIR in Evaluation

Damschroder & Lowery (2013)

This article is helpful for anyone planning an evaluation with the CFIR because, in addition to describing factors that explain the wide variation in implementation of MOVE!; this article also provides a step-by-step guide for how to apply a theory-based framework using qualitative data.

English et al (2011)

The CFIR was used in a retrospective formative evaluation of implementation to introduce care-based best-practices guidelines in a rural setting. All data and outcome measures collected in the course of the study were mapped to the CFIR (see Additional File 3). The researchers found associations between their measures and the majority of CFIR constructs, thus concluding that the CFIR may be valuable in guiding mixed-methods research on implementation in low-income settings.

Connell et al (2013)

The research team used the CFIR to explore UK therapists’ opinions of implementing a new intervention for stroke rehabilitation. They focused on two domains, intervention characteristics and characteristics of the therapists, and developed quantitative measures using Likert scales for each construct.



Studies Using the CFIR in Implementation

Powell et al (2013)

In this protocol, the authors use the CFIR as a tool in assessing techniques for interventions in children’s mental health and social service setting. It is paired with Grol and Wensing’s implementation of change model, which provides a structure and process to guide the process implementation and is a complement to the CFIR. The CFIR is used to inform the interview guide and guide data analysis.

Kilbourne et al (2013)

In this study protocol, Kilbourne et al plan to utilize CFIR constructs in an adaptive implementation design study that aims to compare implementation strategies related to a program that is targeted persons with serious mental illness. THE CFIR and PARiHS Frameworks were used to identify organizational and patient-level variables that will be assessed and monitored during the study.