• A model represents a specific situation; is narrower in scope and more precise in its assumptions[1]
  • May be used interchangeably with “framework[2]
  • A visual depiction of a conceptual framework


  1. Kitson AL, Rycroft-Malone J, Harvey G, McCormack B, Seers K, Titchen A. Evaluating the successful implementation of evidence into practice using the PARIHS framework: theoretical and practical challenges. Implementation Science 2008, 3:1 (7 January 2008)
  2. Sales A, Smith J, Curran G, Kochevar L. Models, strategies, and tools. Theory in implementing evidence-based findings into health care practice. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Feb;21 Suppl 2:S43-9.